Different churches have different schedules for Confirmation. Some have a three-year class, spanning 6th-8th grade. Some invite 9th graders to confirm their faith. Some, like the church of my childhood, put it all into one year for 6th graders.
Regardless of when it happens, it’s important to remember why we have Confirmation at all. So pull up your (electronic) chair…
Confirmation is the part of the baptismal rite where people (youth or adults) take on the promises of baptism for themselves if they were baptized as a child. It is, in practice, the reversal of the ancient rite.
In the ancient rite the Catechumenate would study for a year with someone from the church, learning the “stuff of faith” …for lack of a better term. This came to include the Lord’s Prayer, the Apostle’s Creed, and the 10 Commandments, among other things. This person they studied with, sometimes called a sponsor (you’ll recognize the term “Godparent” here…and not an honorary position you give to your brother because he’ll be offended if you don’t, but with real responsibilities), then presented them to the priest, or whomever was doing the baptizing, as ready to be submersed in the ancient waters, fit to join the community of Christ.
They were fit, mind you, not because they had “accepted Jesus into their heart.” In the first church that sort of theological and biological gymnastics would be non-sensical. For me it still is non-sensical in most ways.
No. They were fit because, having been moved by the Word of God as they met with the assembly, they saw that this community was living and acting in a way that changed them, and the world, for better. Walking the pathway of Jesus was better than those other paths out there.
Part of the rite was a remission of sin. In baptism God washes the baptized clean of any eternal ramification of sin.
But only part of the meaning of the rite was that.
The overwhelming balance of the symbol of the rite was acceptance into the community of Christ through the promises of God.
Now, in medieval times baptism became a one-trick pony: forgiveness of sin. This was largely because, in the Christian world, baptism was basically a given. You were born and then baptized. Christendom reigned and sought to keep control in the Western world, and what better way to keep control than to tell you that you are lacking something (righteousness) that only the church can give you?
But that’s not the fullness of the ancient symbol. For more on this check out Ben Dueholm’s upcoming book _Sacred Signposts_. He does a masterful job explaining this movement in his chapter on baptism…
Back to the topic at hand.
So the norm in the Catholic/Mainline world became to baptize first and teach later. Which is absolutely fine, by the way, especially if the focus is on the promises of God and not the worthiness of the person. Studying the “stuff of faith” does not make one holy, anyway.
Confirmation, then, is the fruit of this reversal in strategy. We normally baptize first and teach later and then confirm the faith of the person who was baptized in their early years.
But here’s the thing: the teaching, while formally called Catechism, does not end at baptism for the ancient person. It just starts to get put into intentional practice. And so it also means that it does not end at Confirmation, either.
It has only just begun.
Which means that, when you order graduation gowns for your Confirmands, have elaborate banquets for them, throw elaborate parties where cards full of money and whatnot are all part of the deal, you (the church) are effectively giving off a very different signal than what the rite actually means.
Confirmation is part of the growth of the Christian. It is not the culmination.
Which is also why strict book curriculum, filling out worksheets, and tricky tests all give off the wrong impression, too.
If anything the test should be the same every year! It should ask them to recite the Lord’s Prayer, the Creed, and the 10 Commandments, and maybe give a bit of explanation about it.
But by and large, Confirmation should be about formation into the faith, not primarily information about the faith. After all, those first Christians were forming themselves to one another in that year of study…hence why you did it with someone else in the church, and not on your own!
It wasn’t about inviting Jesus into your heart, it was about inviting the community into your life and being invited into the life of community!
I am frustrated that we have to explain this at all.
Back to the original point: the more you make Confirmation look like graduation, with academic robes, elaborate banquets, etc, the more you invite the Confirmand to imagine their work is complete…when it is only, really, beginning.
And, sure, we can explain that to them in all sorts of ways. But if we keep up this tradition that basically mirrors the graduations that many of them will be participating in just a few weeks after, what with elaborate ceremonies and walking across stages and all, then we’ll be a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal.
So, my advice as a pastor in the church: slowly phase out these subliminal messages and practices. Slowly phase in new messages and practices. Change the narrative to the more ancient one, and I bet we’ll find new life here. Make it a milestone of the faith, not the culmination.
Confirmation is not graduation. Let’s all stop giving off that impression.